Antioxidants refer to the compounds which fight free radicals. Free radicals are groups of simple atoms that contain an odd number of electrons and form when certain molecules interact with oxygen. When this happens and a cluster of free radicals form, they go though a chain reaction and take over the immune system as well as other physiological functions. This has a very negative effect on the body.
There are multiple groups and several substances on the category of being antioxidant. The most common are beta carotene, , and vitamin C. There are also a number of minerals that can take the role of antioxidants, such as zinc, copper, magnesium.
Lots of body builders use antioxidants in order to enhance recovery from injuries and training.
There are a variety of plant foods in which you can find antioxidants, specifically those with brighter colors. The food ranking highest in the four major categories include:
Vegetables: artichoke hearts, beans, and russet potatoes
Fruits: blueberries, blackberries, and cranberries
Nuts: pecans, hazelnuts, and walnuts
Spices: cloves, oregano, cinnamon
Red apples, green apples and cherries are other everyday food which are rich in antioxidants. However it has been recommended that because there are so many types of antioxidants, it is best to adopt a diet that had a wide range of food that contain it.
The antioxidants play a crucial role in many operations of the body. They serve primarily to prevent disease.
Antioxidant will aid in preventing damage caused by free radicals. It is also shown that those who consume a high proportion of food containing antioxidants a lower risk for cancer. This also leads to the belief that antioxidant could prevent macular degeneration, effects caused by oxidative stress, and suppress immunity.
while treating various brain injuries antioxidant are used more commonly as medications. In addition, the antioxidants are being studies currently in order to see if they are reliable in treatment with neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and Parkinson’s disease.
There are many effects antioxidant have on performance. Such as an increase in endurance, protection against disease and other illnesses, and reducing the recovery time after workouts.
It is true that everybody can benefit from the taking of antioxidants because they help the body ward off infectious diseases. Studies have shown that runners while using antioxidant supplements will participate in running and marathons in higher elevations preform much better than the runners who have not.
There are no side effects if antioxidants are taken in normal, healthy doses.
In addition consuming too many antioxidants will cause more harm than good. While partaking in exercise, the amount of oxygen consumed by our bodies multiplies by about 10 times. This results to a large amount of oxidants produced and this can lead to possible muscular fatigue both before and after exercising. This causes damage to our bodies following the respond of our immune system to repair the said damage. While in this process, white blood cells produce free radicals in order to remove damaged tissues.