Menopause is a natural indicator of the onset of aging process in a woman. It is also considered as a turning point of life and partially temperament also, as the woman stops having her menstrual cycle. The average age of the occurrence of menopause is 50 years, though it can occur as early as in mid-40s.
Menopause is the end of a woman’s productive years, as her ovaries stop releasing eggs into the fallopian tube. As a result, the production of estrogen and progesterone hormones in the body falls. Some of the commonest symptoms of menopause include unusually heavy or light, skipped or irregular periods, or sudden warm feeling in the upper portion of your body. Other associated symptoms of menopause are, vaginal dryness, bladder irritability, dryness in mouth, skin, & eyes, headache, short memory, insomnia, and mood swings.
Menopause does not require any treatment unless it bothers you. One should however, go for annual medical checkups as the risks of heart disease, cancer, and bone thinning (osteoporosis) increase greatly after menopause.
Perimenopause is a phase, which occurs during the reproductive years of a woman, 8 to 10 years before the onset of menopause. Perimenopause occurs when the ovaries begin to produce less estrogen. It occurs normally in 40s, but can be seen in late 30s also, depending upon certain factors such as some radiation therapy.
Few activities that can help you cope with the after effects of menopause are:
- Quitting smoking and drinking
- Daily exercises, including walking
- Drinking ample water every day
- Taking sufficient sleep
- Take multi vitamin supplements and calcium, as prescribed by a doctor