Creatine is a substance that serves as an energy supplier to the muscle and nerves. These are usually synthesized in the human body from three amino acids that are the sub units of proteins. In a non-professional’s language, Creatine is something that is derived from proteins and hence serves as the energy suppliers, as protein.
The athletes use creatine for enhancing the body’s performance. Creatine is found in high quantities in our bodies at sites where there is maximum energy loss or energy burn. This is because; Creatine helps in maintaining or in compensating for the huge amount of energy loss in that particular site.
It is a derivative of the amino acids arginine and glycine. It is important in the muscle for the storage of phosphate for the re synthesis of ATP molecules in the body. It is widely sold as supplements to increase athletic performance and also to improve the energy levels in a physically weak person. In general a person’s body has 120 grams of creatine as such and is distributed as given below: 98% in muscles, 1.5% in nervous tissue and 0.5% in other organs. As supplement the recommended dosage is about 1 gram per day.
A study conducted by the Harvard Medical School included a study in 64 clinical trial models. These were tested against Huntington Disease. Creatine was given as a supplement and the recommended dosage was about 8 grams for 4 months. It was found that administration of creatine reduced the elevated Huntington disease to a large extent. This was one study made in the Harvard Medical School for studying the effects of creatine monohydrate and its positive effects in humans.
The energy lost by our body during any kind of exhaustion is regenerated by Creatine, in that sense it acts as energy rebuild. The body produces enough and more of Creatine that is required by the body for various functions. People who are in the sports field take synthetic Creatine as a supplement to revitalize their strength and energy.
Creatine as such is not harmful for the health, but this way of administering synthetic Creatine, which is more than what an individual’s body requires, is harmful for the health. Not all types of muscles respond to Creatine supplementation, the body which already has high levels of Creatine will not be benefited by the administration of some amount of Creatine to serve as energy booster, whereas the body which is deficient in Creatine would definitely see a difference in the energy levels.
What is of concern here is that, sports people tend to take synthetic Creatine just because they will get a higher dose of Creatine with a lesser calorie food. To derive sufficient quantities of Creatine in the body, it is essential to have a proper diet. This is of major concern to athletes since having more calorific food may result in increasing the body mass. So they usually adopt this way to gain the required amount of Creatine into the body taking into consideration the fact that their calorie intake is not increased.
Creatine is widely used supplement in the Olympics, with the only concern being risks of kidney failure if taken in considerable larger quantities. There are different kinds of creatine supplements available in the market. These include creatine chew, powders or tablets as such.
In a non-professional’s language, Creatine produced by the body can be considered as fuel for a vehicle, but the administration of synthetic Creatine is like using a special oil along with the normal fuel for the better performance of the vehicle.
Administration of Creatine for a short time as a therapy is ok, but when taken in large quantities as an addiction, it results in disorders like hypertension and leads to occasional dehydration.
Along with these negative aspects discussed above, Creatine also has a huge market in therapeutics. It is of therapeutic value and is used against muscular disorders like arthritis, Parkinson’s disease and other diseases involving neurological disorders.
Thus, Creatine when used in the appropriate quantities can definitely serve to be of use unless individuals do not take upon it as an addiction.